It is not clear whether the Soviets knew how much of the message traffic, or which messages, had been successfully decrypted. They show, rather unsurprisingly, that the US was being spied upon by the Soviet Union as early as 1942, just as we were spying on the Soviet Union. Laboratory Information Management System (LIMS). There is another page on the VENONA project.--Cberlet 21:35, 30 May 2006 (UTC), A Request for Comment has been filed for this page and Harry Magdoff and espionage at Wikipedia:Requests_for_comment/Politics--Cberlet 22:05, 4 June 2006 (UTC), The debate centers on whether or not this material is appropriate: See this deletion--Cberlet 01:51, 5 June 2006 (UTC), Soviet bloc and the opening of the Kremlin archives brings us to the Residents Who Had Covert Relationships with Soviet Intelligence Agencies, APPENDIX B: Americans and U.S. "; says " this is a misrepresentation. The deciphered cables of the Venona Project reveal that hundreds of Americans had formal ties to Soviet intelligence services in the 1930S and 1940s. So sensitive was the project in its early years that even President Truman was not informed of its existence. Recruitment was assisted by a shift in the demographic makeup of American Communists. Monographs; Chronology This is the page for the debate on significance. Among these were. At least one Soviet agent, Kim Philby, was told about the project as part of his job as liaison between British and US intelligence. (2) Soviet messages were produced in exactly the same way as Japanese super-enciphered codes. Can we spend some time discussing (1) structural arrangements of the various Venona related articles (2) procedural arrangements which may be time saving for everyone involved (3) balancing primary sources and secondary sources etc. Do the intercepts from the Venona Project vindicate Joseph McCarthy? When used correctly, the one-time pad encryption system, which has been used for all the most-secret military and diplomatic communication since the 1930s, is unbreakable. One of the main jobs of historians is to interpret the past by reviewing primary documents, scholarly secondary sources, and then creating an analysis of this research. Whatever fancy exists in Chambers tale, it is a fact that he denounced Hiss to the US government in 1939, and continued to do so over the next dozen years. For full credit, your paper must not simply sum up the reading or repeat points made there. Very slowly, using assorted techniques ranging from traffic analysis to defector information, more of the messages were decrypted. The fact that footnote iv mentions only Alger may reflect nothing more than the FBI's greater interst in him. The president recieved the substance of the material only through FBI, Justice Department and CIA reports on counterintelligence and intelligence matters. Rather, I am looking for you to create your own interpretation and discuss some original insight. ", This page was last edited on 20 June 2006, at 14:40. '[ii]", Wikipedia:Votes for deletion/Significance of Venona, Talk:VENONA_project#Cberlet.27s_references, Wikipedia:Requests_for_mediation/Cberlet_and_Nobs01/Workshop#Summary_by_Cberlet, Talk: List of Americans in the Venona papers, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Talk:Significance_of_Venona&oldid=59631721, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Mediation is currently ongoing regarding this article. Most material went by diplomatic pouch and courier. "The charges against Alger Hiss still remain unproven, as are the charges against Harry Dexter White, despite the assertions of numerous conservative authors. Colonel Clarke was chief of the U.S. Army’s Special Branch, part of the War Department’s Military Intelligence Division, and in 1943 its officers heard vague rumors of secret German-Soviet peace negotiations.¹ With the vivid example of the August 1939 Nazi-Soviet Pact in mind, Clarke feared that a separate peace between Moscow and Berlin would allow Nazi Germany to concentrate its formidable war machine against the United States and Great Britain. However, due to a serious blunder on the part of the Soviets, some of this traffic was vulnerable to cryptanalysis. of State Stettinus). Background. Further, investigation had revealed that Wally Clayton (codenamed KLOD), a Soviet agent within the Communist Party of Australia, was forming an illegal "underground network" within the CPA, presumably as a prelude to political violence. One of the main jobs of historians is to interpret the past by reviewing primary documents, scholarly secondary sources, and then creating an analysis of this research. Thank you. This extraordinary book is the first to examine the Venona messages—documents of unparalleled importance for our understanding of the history and … Alger Hisss known cryptonyms were "Lawyer" ("Advocate" or "Advokat") in the mid-1930s and "Ales" in 1945. There is very little primary source material unfortunately - and Venona isn't it! The one fragment referring to Hiss does so in a manner that suggests they'd never heard of him before. The NSA website states: It appears Army Chief of Staff Omar Bradley, concerned about the White House's history of leaking sensitive information, decided to deny President Truman direct knowledge of the project. It ranged from stealing commercially valuable industrial secrets to penetrating America’s most closely guarded military scientific secret, the atomic bomb. https://www.nsa.gov/news-features/declassified-documents/venona/, Your email address will not be published. By 1945, over 200,000 messages had been transcribed and now a team of cryptanalysts attempted to decrypt them. The other problem with #1822 lies with Lamphere's reading that Ales was at the Yalta Conference, as Hiss had been, and had traveled on to Moscow. Clarke thought he had a way to find out whether such negotiations were under way.². American Communists proclaimed their revolutionary goals at an open convention. Growth and development . The conventional explanation ('not letting the Russians know what we know') is false as known Soviet agent Philby (as stated in article) was aware!--Jack Upland 23:41, 10 September 2005 (UTC), A suggestion: develope an arguement first, with an example or examples, sources, etc. nobs 05:33, 4 October 2005 (UTC), Mediation is ongoing on this page. There should be more 'warning lights' attached to this entry. The decrypts include code names for 349 individuals who were maintaining a covert relationship with the Soviet Union. Danial Moynihan, the chair of the Moynihan Commission on Government Secrecy, stated that government officials knew Hiss was guilty but did not speak up for fear of compromising the Venona project. Schoolteachers, archeologists, linguists and mathematicians worked on the Venona project breaking unbreakable Soviet code from WWII. Agents who were never identified include "Mole", a senior Washington official who passed information on American diplomatic policy, and "Quantum", a scientist on the Manhattan Project. The Silvermaster group established contacts not only in Treasury and the Army Air Force but in the White House itself. Venona #1579 contains fragments of a 1943 cable from the GRU chief in New York to GRU in Moscow. The decrypted messages from Soviet aid missions, GRU spies, KGB spies, and some diplomatic traffic, known collectively as the VENONA papers, gave important insights into Soviet behavior in the period during which duplicate one-time pads were used. Soviet agencies in the United States during World War II used three channels to communicate with Moscow. But they were very successful in the Cold War – and the story of that top secret operation has only come to light since the end of the Cold War. America’s World War II intelligence agency, the Office of Strategic Services, was home to between fifteen and twenty Soviet spies. It is likely that there were more than 349 participants in Soviet espionage, as that number is from a small sample of the total intercepted message traffic. VENONA material has now made it clear that Chifley was motivated by evidence that not only were there a large number of very damaging Soviet agents operating in Australia, but that these probably included members of his party. nobs 05:04, 20 September 2005 (UTC) conduct research pertaining to communist infiltration of the United States Government. That conclusion is original research. ("Venona and Alger Hiss" Lowenthal; Intelligence and National Security, Vol.15, Aut. Some known spies, including Theodore Hall, were neither prosecuted nor publicly implicated, because the VENONA evidence against them could not be made public. The American Communist party was born as the organizational center of a revolutionary movement. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Also that Hiss attended the Yalta Conference, as Lamphere assumed Ales had as well.
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