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She started "travel writing" in 1894. Fighting France: From Dunkerque to Belfort, Beinecke Rare Book Room and Manuscript Library, National Women's Hall of Fame, Edith Wharton, "Edith Wharton's World, Portrait of People and Places", "Material Details in Edith Wharton's Writings", "Remarks on Edith Wharton's Collected Stories by editor Maureen Howard". [32] At that time his depression manifested as a more serious disorder, after which they lived almost exclusively at their estate The Mount. Edith Jones came of a distinguished and long-established New York family. Wharton proposed the book to her publisher, Scribner's. Her father's first cousin was Caroline Schermerhorn Astor. [12] She was also a garden designer, interior designer, and a taste-maker of her time. Burlingame was critical of this story but Wharton did not want to make edits to it. She completed "The Fullness of Life" following her annual European trip with Teddy. Source: Marshall, Scott (1996). Wharton drew upon her insider's knowledge of the upper class New York "aristocracy" to realistically portray the lives and morals of the Gilded Age. [36] In 1888, the Whartons and their friend James Van Alen took a cruise through the Aegean islands. [11] During her travels, the young Edith became fluent in French, German, and Italian. London: Continuum International Publishing, Armbruster, Elif S. (2011) "Domestic Biographies: Stowe, Howells, James, and Wharton at Home." [18] In 1880 she had five poems published anonymously in the Atlantic Monthly, an important literary magazine. In the view of Judith E. Funston, writing on Edith Wharton in American National Biography, What is most notable about A Backward Glance, however, is what it does not tell: her criticism of Lucretia Jones [her mother], her difficulties with Teddy, and her affair with Morton Fullerton, which did not come to light until her papers, deposited in Yale's Beinecke Rare Book Room and Manuscript Library, were opened in 1968. [26], Wharton's mother, Lucretia Stevens Rhinelander, moved back to Paris in 1883 and lived there until her death in 1901. [46] In early 1915 she organized the Children of Flanders Rescue Committee, which gave shelter to nearly 900 Belgian refugees who had fled when their homes were bombed by the Germans. It was, however, a successful book.[37]. The Joy of Living was criticized for its title because the heroine swallows poison at the end, and was a short-lived Broadway production. The three fiction judges—literary critic Stuart Pratt Sherman, literature professor Robert Morss Lovett, and novelist Hamlin Garland—voted to give the prize to Sinclair Lewis for his satire Main Street, but Columbia University's advisory board, led by conservative university president Nicholas Murray Butler, overturned their decision and awarded the prize to The Age of Innocence. [35] In Europe, her primary destinations were Italy, France, and England. [22] Wharton began a courtship with Henry Leyden Stevens, the son of a wealthy businessman. In 1902, Wharton designed The Mount, her estate in Lenox, Massachusetts, which survives today as an example of her design principles. Haar latere werk haalde echter nooit meer het succes van haar vroege romans. In addition to novels, Wharton wrote at least 85 short stories. [6][7] She was related to the Rensselaers, the most prestigious of the old patroon families, who had received land grants from the former Dutch government of New York and New Jersey. Wharton was a committed supporter of French imperialism, describing herself as a "rabid imperialist", and the war solidified her political views. [69], A key recurring theme in Wharton's writing is the relationship between the house as a physical space and its relationship to its inhabitant's characteristics and emotions. [44] When the Germans invaded Belgium in the fall of 1914 and Paris was flooded with Belgian refugees, she helped to set up the American Hostels for Refugees, which managed to get them shelter, meals, and clothes, and eventually created an employment agency to help them find work. [8] She had a lifelong friendship with her niece, the landscape architect Beatrix Farrand of Reef Point in Bar Harbor, Maine. "The Lamp of Psyche" was a comical story with verbal wit and sorrow. In this lesson, we'll explore her life and major novels. In 1885 huwde ze de twaalf jaar oudere bankier ‘Teddy’ Wharton, zonder het geluk te vinden. As she is forced to leave his household, Frome tries to end their dilemma by steering their bobsled into a tree, but he ends up only crippling Mattie for life. [55] Wharton urged Americans to support the war effort and encouraged America to enter the war. [13], Wharton wrote and told stories from an early age. She was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame in 1996. Her central themes came from her experiences with her parents. [31], From the late 1880s until 1902, Teddy Wharton suffered from acute depression, and the couple ceased their extensive travel. Versions of her mother, Lucretia Jones, often appeared in Wharton's fiction. Retrieved 22 January 2018. Vanaf die tijd reisde ze veel, werkte tijdens de Eerste Wereldoorlog als journaliste en hield in de jaren daarna veelvuldig ‘salon’ in Parijs, waar ze vriendschap sloot met literaire grootheden als F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway en Henry James. The book won her critical acclaim and a wide audience. She sent Bunner Sisters to Scribner's in 1892. One of the first causes she undertook in August 1914 was the opening of a workroom for unemployed women; here they were fed and paid one franc a day. She wrote several design books, including her first major published work, The Decoration of Houses (1897), co-authored by Ogden Codman. Her family did not want her name to appear in print since writing was not considered a proper occupation for a society woman of her time. In her youth, she wrote about society. [10], Wharton married in 1885 and began to build upon three interests—American houses, writing, and Italy. This story, along with many others, speaks about her marriage. [73] These influenced her ethnographic style of novelization. She rejected the standards of fashion and etiquette that were expected of young girls at the time, which were intended to allow women to marry well and to be put on display at balls and parties. [63], Edith Wharton later died of a stroke on August 11, 1937 at Le Pavillon Colombe, her 18th-century house on Rue de Montmorency in Saint-Brice-sous-Forêt. Their friend Egerton Winthrop accompanied them on many journeys in Italy. Theodore Roosevelt, Bernard Berenson, and Kenneth Clark were valued friends as well. In the next two decades—before the quality of her work began to decline under the demands of writing for women’s magazines—she wrote such novels as The Reef (1912), The Custom of the Country (1913), Summer (1917), and The Age of Innocence (1920), which won a Pulitzer Prize. [74], Source: Campbell, Donna M. "Works by Edith Wharton". ISSN 2330-3964. "Edith Wharton, 75, Is Dead in France." She was divorced from her husband in 1913 and was a close friend of novelist James in his later years. In 1897, Edith Wharton purchased Land's End in Newport, Rhode Island, from Robert Livingston Beeckman, a former U.S. Open Tennis Championship runner-up who became governor of Rhode Island. She wrote many books about her travels, including Italian Backgrounds and A Motor-Flight through France.

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