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Punjab was referred to in the Rig Veda as the Sapta Sindhu,[26] meaning the "land of the seven rivers." The province has been strongly influenced by Sufism, with numerous Sufi shrines spread across Punjab which attract millions of devotees annually. "Punjabi in schools: Pro-Punjabi outfits in Pakistan threaten hunger strike". District Name SEX S. (2009). The kingdom was founded when the Graeco-Bactrian king Demetrius invaded the subcontinent early in the 2nd century BC. PPI News Agency, "Pakistan should have adopted Punjabi as national language: Hafiz Saeed". Trade unions and youth groups: Punjabi Writers Forum, National Students Federation, Punjabi Union-Pakistan, Punjabi National Conference, National Youth Forum, Punjabi Writers Forum, National Students Federation, Punjabi Union, Pakistan, and the Punjabi National Conference. Indian Sikh pilgrims visit holy sites such as Nankana Sahib. When the divisions were restored as a tier of government in 2008, a tenth division – Sheikhupura Division – was created from part of Lahore Division. One of its instructors was the Mauryan statesman and philosopher Chanakya. The Sikhs became a formidable military force after the death of Aurangzeb in 1707 and challenged the Mughals and later the Durrani Afghans for power in Punjab. The primary cities of Gandhara were Puruṣapura (Peshawar), Takṣaśilā (Taxila), and Pushkalavati (Charsadda). Punjab got its name from (punj means 5 and ab means river ) Rivers flowing in punjab are Chenab, Jhelum ,Beas , Ravi , satluj . (born at Nankana Sahib). It is believed that Ram asked Sita to wait for him at this spot as he took a dip in the river. Oxfam, Nader Shah's invasion of the Mughal Empire, resolution calling for the establishment of Pakistan, Nader Shah's invasion of the Mughal empire, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of cities in Punjab, Pakistan by population, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Government College University, Faisalabad, University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore, University of Engineering and Technology, Taxila, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Muhammad Nawaz Sharif University of Agriculture, NFC Institute of Engineering and Technology, Muhammad Nawaz Sharif University of Engineering & Technology, Khawaja Fareed University of Engineering and Information Technology, National University of Computer & Emerging Sciences, Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Technology, "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab", "The pulse of Pakistan's growing fashion industry", ''Ancient Indian Education: Brahmanical and Buddhist, "PUNJAB GROWTH STRATEGY 2018 Accelerating Economic Growth and Improving Social Outcomes", "Northern Punjab, urban Sindh people more prosperous than rest of country: report", "Properties inscribed on the World Heritage List (Pakistan)", Some Aspects of Ancient Indian Culture: Sir WIlliam Meyers Lectures, 1938-39, "A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary with Transliteration, Accentuation, and Etymological Analysis Throughout", "Hobson-Jobson: A glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and Phrases, and of Kindred Terms, Etymological, Historical, Geographical and Discursive", "Soan River – witness to rise and fall of many civilisations". The northwestern part of South Asia, including Punjab, was repeatedly invaded or conquered by various mighty foreign armies throughout history, including those of Alexander the Great, Genghis Khan, Timur, Nadir Shah and others. Instructor Marnie Nollette [24] Several UNESCO World Heritage Sites are located in Punjab, including the Shalimar Gardens, the Lahore Fort, the archaeological excavations at Taxila, and the Rohtas Fort.[25]. Most of the scholars agree that the heartland of Rigvedic Aryans was modern Afghanistan, Punjab (Pakistan & India), Haryana & Rajasthan. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the. The peace process between India and Pakistan, which began in earnest in 2004, has helped pacify the situation. The ancient Hindu Katasraj temple and the Salt Range temples are regaining attention and are in need of repair. Besides the old residents, no one even knows a river once flowed here. In Pakistani Punjab, non-tribal social distinctions are primarily based on traditional occupations such as blacksmiths or artisans, as opposed to rigid social stratifications. Whenever there is the mention of the great State of Texas, one tends to automatically visualize a sweltering hot, baron wasteland, saturated with 6-foot rattlesnakes, enormous oil wells, and handsome cowboys galloping on horses, with a six shooter attached to their hip. ...For Office Use Only In the South, Punjab's elevation reaches 2,327 metres (7,635 ft)[citation needed] near the hill station of Fort Munro in Dera Ghazi Khan. There is a small but beautiful mosque inside the mine made from salt stone. The Provincial Assembly of the Punjab is a unicameral legislature of elected representatives of the province of Punjab, which is located in Lahore in eastern Pakistan. There are a few famous hill stations, including Murree, Bhurban, Patriata and Fort Munro. The History Crystal had grown up on her father’s farm, where everything had been properly treated and cared for.... ...------------------------------------------------- In Pakistan the Indus is considered the Chief River and in India known as King River. Gandhara's language was a Prakrit or "Middle Indo-Aryan" dialect, usually called Gāndhārī. This way, India has been able to address the food insecurity that threatened the country since it became independent in 1947, ensuring through the years its food self-sufficiency through agriculture, as well as the expansion of its market and economic wealth. Katasraj Mandir is a Hindu temple complex situated in Katas village near Choa Saidanshah in the Chakwal District. The most common instruments used are the tabla and harmonium. Gandhara existed since the time of the Rigveda (c. 1500–1200 BC),[39][40] as well as the Zoroastrian Avesta, which mentions it as Vaēkərəta, the sixth most beautiful place on earth, created by Ahura Mazda. Provincial Cabinet of Punjab; Head of government: Malik Muhammad Rafique Rajwana; Inception: 1 July 1970; Population: 101,391,000; Area: 205,344 ±1 km² ; official website: Authority control Q8666034. The national horse and cattle show at Lahore is the biggest festival where sports, exhibitions, and livestock competitions are held. The Indo-Scythians ultimately established a kingdom in the northwest south Asia, based near Taxila, with two great Satraps, one in Mathura in the east, and one in Surastrene (Gujarat) in the southwest. The river has rich power generation potential in India, including the Salal dam with a 690 MW hydroelectric power project; the Baglihar dam, the Dul Hasti hydroelectric plant; the Pakal Dul dam, the Ratle hydroelectric plant, a "run-of-the-river” power station under construction; the Kiru hydroelectric power project with a proposed 624 MW, and the Kwar hydroelectric power project with a proposed 540 MW. [54], Migration between Eastern and Western Punjab was continuous before independence. 2. He had his capital at Sagala in the Punjab (present-day Sialkot). The district of Sialkot excels in sports goods, surgical instruments and cutlery goods.Industrial estates are being developed by Punjab government to boost industrialization in province , Quaid e Azam Business Park Sheikhupura is one of the industrial area which is being developed near Sheikhupura on Lahore-Islamabad motorway.[86]. In Jhelum 35 British soldiers of the HM XXIV regiment were killed by the local resistance during the Indian Rebellion of 1857.[53]. Attaining self-sufficiency in agriculture has shifted the focus of the strategies towards small and medium farming, stress on barani areas, farms-to-market roads, electrification for tube-wells and control of water logging and salinity. Following the decline of Mughals, the Shah of Iran sacked the Province. The main activities on these special occasions are confined to congregational prayers and rituals.

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